Block A covers around 30,000 sq km and is located in the Rub Al Khali desert in the southern part of Saudi Arabia near Al Ghawar, the world's largest oil field. LUKOIL joined the Block A exploration and development project in March 2004. The term of the contract is 40 years.
A joint venture was created to execute the project, LUKOIL Saudi Arabia Energy Ltd (LUKSAR), where LUKOIL Overseas Riyadh Ltd owns 80% and 20% is owned by the state oil company Saudi Aramco. LUKSAR opened an office in Al Khobar (Eastern Province) in the summer of 2004.